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Sharing Knowledge Sharing the Future 2018

December 31, 2018

  • Author Youngsun KohKim Seong TaeJong-il KimMyung-ho ParkHONG. SeongchangYUN. HeesukChangik JoJang HeoSun-jin YunHyung Soo ParkEui-Young SHON
  • Language English
PDF
Other Research
Sharing Knowledge Sharing the Future 2018

December 31, 2018

  • Author Youngsun KohKim Seong TaeJong-il KimMyung-ho ParkHONG. SeongchangYUN. HeesukChangik JoJang HeoSun-jin YunHyung Soo ParkEui-Young SHON
  • Language English
PDF
    CHAPTER 1
    Introduction
     References

    CHAPTER 2
    Economic Growth and Macroeconomic Stability
     1. Introduction
     2. Economic Growth and Policies
     3. Macroeconomic Stabilization Policies
     4. Implications for KSP and Discussions
     References

    CHAPTER 3
    Industrialization and Role of Government
     1. Introduction
     2. Government Policies for Industrialization
     3. Current Situation in Developing Countries
     4. Challenges and Policies of Developing Countries
     5. The Role of Government in Korea
     6. Implications
     References

    CHAPTER 4
    Science, Technology, and Innovation Capacity-building for Industrialization
     1. Introduction
     2. States of STI Capacities in the Developing World
     3. STI Capacity Building for Industrialization: Korean Experience
     4. Achievements and Challenges
     5. Policy Lessons
     References

    CHAPTER 5
    Economic Development Plan
     1. Introduction
     2. Economic Development Plan: New Framework
     3. Economic Development Plan: Socialist and Market Economy Countries
     4. Economic Development Plan: Developing Countries
     5. Economic Development Plan: Korea
     6. Implications
     References

    CHAPTER 6
    Rural Development
     1. Introduction
     2. General situations of developing countries
     3. Major challenges
     4. Korean policy experiences
     5. Implications for Developing Countries
     References

    CHAPTER 7
    Human Capital
     1. Introduction
     2. Research Framework
     3. Challenges in Developing Countries
     4. Korea’s Experience
     5. Implications
     References

    CHAPTER 8
    Technical and Vocational Education and Training
     1. Introduction
     2. Trends and Challenges in TVET
     3. Current Situation of TVET in Developing Countries
     4. The Korean Experience
     5. Implications for Developing Countries and KSP
     References

    CHAPTER 9
    Healthcare and Public Health Insurance
     1. Introduction
     2. Public Health Challenges in Developing Countries
     3. Korea’s Public Health System
     4. Implications for Developing Countries
     References

    CHAPTER 10
    Environmental Policy
     1. Introduction
     2. Recent Status of Environmental Progress
     3. Key Environmental Challenges of Developing Countries
     4. Development of Environmental Policy in Korea
     5. Implications for Developing Countries
     References

    CHAPTER 11
    Public Expenditure Management
     1. Introduction
     2. The State of the World
     3. Major Challenges in Developing Countries
     4. Korea’s Experience in Public Financial Management
     5. Recommendations
     References

    CHAPTER 12
    Public Administration: Civil Service System
     1. Introduction
     2. Human Resource Management in Civil Service
     3. Challenges in Developing Countries
     4. Transformation of Civil Service in Korea
     5. Implications for Developing Countries
     References

    CHAPTER 13
    Transport Infrastructure Development
     1. Introduction
     2. Infrastructure Databases in Low and Middle Income Countries
     3. Infrastructure Analysis in Specific Countries
     4. Infrastructure Policy Analysis of Korea
     5. Infrastructure Policy Suggestions for Low and Middle Income Countries
     References
For almost all countries, economic growth is a key national agenda. It is the most powerful instrument for creating jobs and eliminating poverty in developing countries. As Harvard economist Dani Rodrik remarked, nothing has worked better than economic growth historically in enabling societies to improve the life chances of their members, including those at the very bottom. Many countries have therefore struggled to achieve economic growth, but not all of them have succeeded. On the contrary, only a handful of countries have been able to pull themselves from a ‘developing’ to a ‘developed’ status through sustained and broad-based growth. This group includes Korea and a few East Asian countries. Others have languished behind, either suffering a consistently negligible growth or repeating a cycle of boom and bust.

The Korean government has been engaged in policy consultation for partner countries through Knowledge Sharing Program (KSP) since 2004 to help them achieve fast economic growth and modernize their society. This book is an attempt to distill major findings from the KSP studies that by now number almost one thousand. Each chapter of this book first examines the state of developing countries in a specific policy area such as macroeconomics, industry, science and technology, education, environment, public expenditure management, and civil service reform. Different countries face different challenges, but efforts were made to identify common obstacles to growth that most countries share. Korea’s experience is then presented for reference. Finally, lessons are drawn and policy directions are suggested to overcome these obstacles. It is hoped that this book would contribute to a more customized and structured policy consultation in the future.

Each chapter of this book was written by a joint research team made up of the best experts in the field and staff from KDI’s Center for International Development.
 
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The Department of Macroeconomics is conducting researches on the macro economy and macroeconomic policy, particularly focusing on suggesting the analysis of macroeconomic trends and current status of the economy at home and abroad, the economic forecast, and the policy direction of the macro economy. The Department is also in charge of establishing, sustaining and maintaining various econometric models, based on which it analyses policy effects and develops a long-term economic forecast.

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