BODY CONTENTS

PUBLICATION

Release of medium-to-long term outlook on respective agenda based
on the analysis of pending macroeconomic issues

Labor and Education

KDI FOCUS

Improving Parental Roles and Education for Early Childhood Development

Facebook
cover image
  • Author KIM.Inkyung
  • Date 2017/02/02
  • Series No. KDI FOCUS No. 79, eng.
  • Language English
PDF
SUMMARY □ Spurred by the recent series of child abuse cases that have been brought to light, the Korean government released a parental education package to promote the participation in and effectiveness of parental education programs. Early childhood linguistic and socio-emotional development are related to parental role indicators such as maternal depression, parental stress and style and the home environment. As such, to improve parental roles, it is important to enhance the use and effectiveness of parental education materials by integrating resources such as booklets and videos at different ministries and provide parents with the necessary skills that are in line with the child’s age and situation. Furthermore, it is necessary to expand parental education programs with expert counselling and guidance to help parents cope with their respective child care needs and improve their parenting skills.

- In response to the series of child abuse cases that have been brought to light, the government released measures to promote parental education.

- To promote participation and interest in parental education, it is important to clarify the relevance of the parental role in child development.

- The parental role can be measured via maternal depression, parenting stress and styles, paternal involvement in child care and home environmental stimuli test results.

- Early childhood linguistic ability is related to fathers’ parenting stress, parental style and interaction capability and their education level.

- However, no relevance has been observed between early childhood linguistic ability and household income.

- Early childhood socioemotional ability is related to maternal depression, parenting stress and style and their interaction capability.

- However, no relevance was observed between early childhood socioemotional ability and parents’ education level and household income.

- Frequency of paternal involvement in child care is irrelevant to early childhood linguistic and socioemotional development.

- Improving parental roles can reduce the gap between children's linguistic abilities that have been affected by the parent's education levels.

- Parental education should be designed to enhance the quality of paternal parenting, instead of increasing the quantity.

- It is most beneficial to the linguistic and socioemotional development of children when parents maintain responsiveness and are less demanding as their children grow older.

- It is necessary to increase the use and effectiveness of parental education materials by integrating resources such as booklets and videos at different ministries and providing the necessary knowledge and skills that suit the children’s age and respective situations.

- More parental education programs are needed that provide expert counselling and guidance to help parents cope with their respective child care needs and improve their parenting skills.
KDI VOD Report
In response to the recent series of child abuse cases
that have been brought to light,
efforts are being made to revitalize parental education
in order to promote its effectiveness and participation.

[Interview]
To increase the Korean people’s participation and interest in parental education,
the correlation between the parental role and
early childhood development must first be discerned
and a public consensus must be formed regarding
the significance of the former.

Accordingly,
this study aims to empirically analyze the relationship
between parents’ roles and early childhood development,
and to present the implications for parental roles
and measures to improve policies on parental education.

In order to examine the correlation
between parents’ roles and early childhood development,
data in the Panel Study on Korean Children
on maternal depression, parenting stress and style,
paternal involvement and home environmental stimuli tests
were applied to the analysis.

Additionally, parents’ education levels and household income were also reviewed for relevance.

The results show that the degree of linguistic development
in early childhood is indeed associated with
not only the parent’s education level but also their parental role.

This implies that if parenting styles and the home environment
were to improve, the transference of the parent’s abilities
to their children could be mitigated.

With regards to early childhood socio-emotional development,
it was found that there is a close connection to parental roles,
for example, the higher the levels of maternal depression and
parenting stress are,
and the lower the levels of parent-child interaction and
desirable parenting styles are,
the less development there is in the child’s linguistic abilities.

Meanwhile, the parent’s education level
and household income had no relevance.

To examine which parenting styles in particular
are effective in enhancing linguistic development,
parent’s parenting styles were examined from two perspectives:
responsiveness and demandingness.

Responsiveness refers to how well the parents understand their children
and how much they respect their children’s opinions
while demandingness refers to how much the parents
emphasize rules setting and compliance.

In terms of parenting style,
it was found that linguistic and socio-emotional development in early childhood improved with parents consistently being responsive
while decreasing their demandingness as their children become older.

Accordingly,
the analysis results show that in order to encourage the participation
of parents in parental education,
programs must be designed in line with parents’ parenting capabilities
and not their socioeconomic status.

[Interview]
The results of the study evidence the significance of parents’ roles
in enhancing linguistic and socio-emotional development in early childhood.

In order to improve parental roles,
parental education materials across different government ministries
must be integrated to provide parents with situation-based assistance,
thus increasing the utilization and effectiveness of such information.

Additionally,
parents should be provided with expert consultation
and the number and types of programs must be expanded.
Go to Youtube
Related content It is directly correlated to the content.
More from this topicIt deals with the same topic of the content
KDI Research Category
Advanced search