KDI 한국개발연구원 - 경제정책정보 - 국내외연구자료 주제 - 경제일반 - 경제일반 -



유관기관의 다양한 자료를 한 곳에서 살펴보실 수 있습니다.


The Macroeconomic Costs of Conflict

IMF 2020.07.17
Macroeconomic costs of conflict are generally very large, with GDP per capita about 28 percent lower ten years after conflict onset. This is overwhelmingly driven by private consumption, which falls by 25 percent ten years after conflict onset. Conflict is also associated with dramatic declines in official trade, with exports (imports) estimated to be 58 (34) percent lower ten years after conflict onset. The onset of conflict often also induces significant refugee outflows to neighboring non-advanced countries in the short run, and relatively small but very persistent refugee outflows to advanced countries over the long run. Finally, we stress that conflict should be defined in terms of the number of people killed relative to the total population. The traditional definition of conflict―based on the absolute number of deaths―skews the sample toward low-intensity conflicts in large countries, thereby understating the negative effects of conflict from a macroeconomic perspective.

가입하신 이동통신사의 요금제에 따라
데이터 요금이 과다하게 부가될 수 있습니다.

파일을 다운로드하시겠습니까?
KDI 연구 카테고리