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Business Groups in Korea: Overall Concentration, Market Dominance and Diversification

페이스북
커버이미지
  • 저자 이재형(李在亨)
  • 발행일 2014/11/20
  • 시리즈 번호 Vol. 262
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요약 □ This study attempts a statistical examination and analysis of the characteristics and situation surrounding business groups (Chaebol) in Korea in order to provide basic information for corporation policy and the ongoing business group debate.

○Business groups have continued to account for an overwhelming share of the Korean economy, even after the intense restructuring of the late 1990s foreign exchange crisis.

□ The 55 business groups subject to cross-investment restrictions in 2010 accounted for 29.1 percent of all sales and 8.0 percent of all workers in the national economy.

○ In terms of broader industry categories, business groups represent an overwhelming portion of manufacturing sector and relatively low percentage of services sector.

○ As a long-term pattern of change, the top 30 business groups in manufacturing sector have accounted for a rapidly growing share since the late 2000s. This phenomenon is the result of continued rapid growth by a small number of very large companies amid a general drop-off in growth for the economy as a whole.

○ For manufacturing sector, business groups account for a generally large share of the country’s mainstay industries, but not an especially large share of its smaller-scale ones.

󰋫 Business groups have moved into a wide range of industries and frequently hold monopoly or oligopoly status in those markets.

○ For industries where large business groups ranked among the top three performing companies, the average concentration rate for the three companies (CR3) was 51.8 percent.

- For industries where large business groups were not present, the CR3 averaged 43.9 percent.

○ Business groups typically have strong market control in large-scale industries or industries with large markets.

- Numerically, business group affiliates ranked first for market share in 23.7 percent of cases, but accounted for 48.5 percent of industry sales.
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