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Working Paper

The Strategic Orientations of Firms and the Performance of Korea and Taiwan in Frontier Industries : Lessons from Comparative Case Studies of Keyboard and Personal Computer Assembly

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커버이미지
  • 저자 Brian Levy, Wen-Jeng Kuo
  • 발행일 1987/12/01
  • 시리즈 번호 8719
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요약 This paper is one of two companion pieces that report and
interpret the results of field interviews conducted in May and
June 1987 with manufacturers in the information industry in
Korea and Taiwan. The goal of the field research was to
explore the impacts of the very different industrial structures of
the two countries on the prospects for successful promotion of
the information and other frontier industries in which
technology- and innovation- intensive activities play a major
role.

The present paper draws on the results of field interviews
in the two countries with nine participants in the keyboard and
personal computer assembly industries to analyze the
implications for performance in frontier industries of the
divergent strategic orientations of national firms in Korea and
Taiwan. The analysis highlights four sets of relationships. First,
differences in the extent of underdevelopment of Korea and
Taiwan at the outset of their postwar drives to industrialization
led to different condition of entry for putative manufacturers in
Korea and Taiwan. Second, these divergent conditions of entry
induced Taiwanese firms to initiate production at a small, and
Korean firms at a large, size. Third, divergent sized at entry in
turn induced Korean and Taiwanese firms to follow divergent
strategies for profitable expansion, Fourth, the divergent
strategies of Korean and Taiwanese firms involve divergent
emphases on innovation and the acquisition of complex
technologies, and thus imply different patterns of performance in
technology-intensive and innovation-intensive frontier industries.

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