본문

KDI연구

KDI연구원들이 각 분야의 전문보고서를 제공합니다.

산업

Working Paper

Role of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises of Industrialized Countries in the Transfer of Technology to the Republic of Korea

페이스북
커버이미지
  • 저자 이원영(李元暎)
  • 발행일 1989/01/01
  • 시리즈 번호 8903
원문보기
요약 The survey on technological licensing by SMEs of advanced
countries to Korea reveals many interesting facts. First, SMEs
have been an important source of foreign technology. In a wide
range of industries, transfer of technology by SME's have
allowed Korean firms to produce goods that have not been
produced domestically. SMEs also habe contributed to the
transfer of process technology.

Second, SMES's rely ,ore on TL as a channel of technology
transfer rather than DFI. This is part is causes by the
governmental policy of unpackaging. In Other words, the korean
government had been relatively restrictive to DFI while less
restrictive to TL. The other part of the reason may be traceable
to intrinsic characteristics of SME's. Through engaging
arms-length contracts, SME's do not have to bear risk involved
in capital transfer. In addition the remuneration from the
technology is more stable if arms-length contract is used.

Third, transfer of technology is a very complex process and
much different from trade in goods and services. The markets
for the technology is very imperfect and it takes considerable
time to find the partners and to transfer technology. Personal
contacts such as training, and technical consultancy is an
essential element in the successful transfer of technology.

Fourth, adoptation of imported technology is usually carried
out to meet the differences in demand, The modification of
technology to local production conditions such as the relative
prices of factors, does not seem to be part of adoptation,
however.

Firth, S/SME's are not enclaved from domestic industries.
They have very strong forward and backward linkages with
domestic industries. They have also contributed to strengthening
the competitiveness of the domestic economy.

Efforts have been made to judge the comparative
performance of SME's and TNC's by utilizing previous surveys
on TL. The evidence, however, is not conclusive in most cases
due to the lack of the study on TNC's and licensing in general.
Further study is necessary to have an more concrete
comparison.

It is very difficult, however, to repute the hypothesis that
SME's can be as efficient as TNC's in the transfer of
technology. On the other hand. SMEs are more likely to transfer
technology to SME's in the host country and are less likely to
increase the concentration of the domestic markets. Thus, there
is a good reason for the host government to prefer SMEs as a
source of technology.

The main obstacle of SME's-going -abroad lies in high
transaction cost associated with it. Markets for technology are
inefficient; thus, it is costly for SME's to collect of analyze
information. Equity participation or contractual arrangements take
time and usually is costly. Thus, is seems desirable to have the
government reduce these transaction costs for SME's and their
local partners.
같은 주제 자료 이 내용과 같은 주제를 다루고 있는 자료입니다.

※문의사항 미디어운영팀 고정원 전문연구원 044-550-4260 cwkoh@kdi.re.kr

가입하신 이동통신사의 요금제에 따라
데이터 요금이 과다하게 부가될 수 있습니다.

파일을 다운로드하시겠습니까?
KDI 연구 카테고리
상세검색