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Policy Study
State-owned Enterprises in China and Korea-China FTA

December 31, 2012

PDF
Policy Study
State-owned Enterprises in China and Korea-China FTA

December 31, 2012

PDF
    발간사
    요 약

    제1장 서 론

    제2장 중국의 국유기업
     제1 절국유기업 현황
      1. 역사적 배경
      2. 국유기업 정의와 분류
      3. 중국경제 비중
     제2절 국유기업 지원 보조금 현황
      1. 정부지원
      2. 금융지원

    제3장 중국 국유기업과 국제통상규범
     제1절 국영기업 관련 WTO법 체계
      1. 보조금협정 관련 규범
      2. 국영무역 관련 규범
      3. 무역구제제도 관련 규범
     제2절 중국 국유기업 관련 WTO 가입협정 규범
      1. 국유기업 운영 기본원칙
      2. 시장개방 의무
      3. 보조금 관련 의무
      4. 보조금 판정 관련 규정
     제3절 국유보조금 관련 WTO 분쟁과 시사점
      1. 국유기업의 공공기관 인정 여부
      2. 국유기업에 대한 혜택의 규모 산정
      3. 국유기업이 생산한 생산요소의 사용

    제4장 요약 및 정책제언
     제1절 요 약
     제2절 정책제언
      1. 국영기업 관련 기존 국제통상 규범
      2. 한중 FTA 국유기업 문제에 대한 정책제언

    참고문헌
    ABSTRACT
On May 2, 2012, Korea and China declared the initiation of their FTA negotiations. Since then, the focus of the negotiation has been on the economic effect of the Korea-China FTA. The main factor that differentiates Korea-China FTA from other negotiations signed by Korea, however, is China’s unique economic structure. Different from Korea's economy, which is based on private sector-driven market capitalism, China's economy is distinctively based on state-owned enterprise-driven capitalism. In situations where state-owned enterprises are engaged in trade, their huge monopoly power can lead to diverse problems in establishing fair competition in the market. Despite potential legal problems that state-owned enterprises carry, such issue, along with related trade-matters, did not gain significant attention at the GATT system. This research examines the topic of the non-market economy, especially regarding the matter of subsidies related to China, which received minor attention in previous studies concerning subsidies. Specifically, this research reviews the contents of international trade regulations involving operations of state-owned enterprises and analyzes the unique features related to China. Furthermore, this research discusses how the issue concerning China’s state-owned enterprises should be treated at the Korea-China negotiations. The policy recommendation for the Korea-China FTA based on the analysis of this report can be summarized as follows. Firstly, although the dispute over subsidies should go through WTO, it is yet necessary to strengthen, through the FTA, the exchange of information concerning state-owned enterprise operations and their current status in specific industry sectors. Secondly, it is necessary to improve the domestic trade remedy system taking into consideration the possibility of imposing countervailing duties on Chinese exports. Thirdly, it is recommended to constitute a ‘subsidy-consultative organization’ to rapidly carry out negotiations in response to diverse subsidy problems such as the issue of state-owned enterprises, which may uniquely arise in non-market economy system.
 
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Office of Global Economy
Providing Economic Forecast and Macroeconomic Policy Direction, the Groundwork for a Brighter Future

The Department of Macroeconomics is conducting researches on the macro economy and macroeconomic policy, particularly focusing on suggesting the analysis of macroeconomic trends and current status of the economy at home and abroad, the economic forecast, and the policy direction of the macro economy. The Department is also in charge of establishing, sustaining and maintaining various econometric models, based on which it analyses policy effects and develops a long-term economic forecast.

Main Tasks
  • Economic trend analysis, short- and long-term forecast
  • Policy study on macroeconomic management
  • Basic structural analysis on macroeconomic areas
  • Maintenance of multi-sectoral dynamic macroeconomic model
Department of Macroeconomic Policy
  • LEE. Tae Suk

    Director, Division of Analysis and Evaluation

    82-044-550-4725
  • CHO, Byungkoo On leave

    Director and Vice President, Department of North Korean Economy

    82-044-550-4725
  • LEE, Jongkyu

    Fellow

    82-044-550-4725
  • WEE, Hyeseung Dispatched

    Research Associate

    82-044-550-4725
  • NAM, Jinwook On leave

    Specialist

    82-044-550-4725
  • KIM, Seulki

    Research Associate

    82-044-550-4725
  • CHUN, Eunkyung

    Research Associate

    82-044-550-4725
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