KDI 한국개발연구원 - 경제정책정보 - 국외연구자료 - 국제무역 - Supply Spillovers During the Pandemic: Evidence from High-Frequency Shipping Data

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Supply Spillovers During the Pandemic: Evidence from High-Frequency Shipping Data

IMF 2021.01.08
페이스북
World trade contracted dramatically during the global economic crisis induced by the COVID-19 pandemic. Disruptions in international supply chains were widely reported as governments imposed containment measures (lockdowns) to halt the spread of the disease. At the same time, demand declined as households and firms scaled back spending. This paper attempts to disentangle the supply and demand channels in trade by quantifying the causal effect of supply spillovers from lockdowns. We utilize a novel dataset of daily bilateral seaborne trade, and design a shift-share identification strategy that leverages geography-induced cargo delivery lags to track the transmission of supply disruptions across space. We find strong but short-lived supply spillovers of lockdowns through international trade. Moreover, the evidence is suggestive of the downstream propagation of countries’ lockdowns through global supply chains.

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