In 1992, Croatia was recognised by the UN as an independent state. From 1991 to 1995 Croatia was in a state of war. After a period of rather authoritarian leadership and isolation from the international community, Croatia changed direction in the late nineties. Croatia has been a Member State of the European Union since 1 July 2013. According to the 2011 census, Croatia has a population of 4 284 889. The ethnic structure of the country is as follows: Croats make up the majority of the population with a 90 % share. The most numerous minorities are Serbs (4.36 %), Bosniaks (0.73 %), Italians (0.42 %), Hungarians (0.33 %), Albanians (0.41 %), Slovenians (0.25 %), and Roma (officially 0.4 %, but unofficial estimates suggest up to 40 000 people or 0.9 %). The official language is Croatian, but the Constitution gives all national minorities the legal right to education in their native language. The religious structure of the population is as follows: 86.28 % of citizens declare themselves Catholic; 4.44 % Orthodox; 1.47 % Muslim; 2.93 % agnostic/undeclared; and 3.81 % of citizens declare themselves atheist. The percentage of other religions is below 0.2 %. The position of the Government and official bodies towards discrimination has moved from pro-nationalistic in the early nineties to denial in the late nineties and a more egalitarian approach since 2000. Ever since then, independently of elections and changes of Government, there has been slow but steady progress, which has been strongly encouraged by human rights organisations as well as by the EU accession process and other international bodies. The Republic of Croatia is a unitary state. Government is organised on the principle of the separation of powers into the legislative, executive and judicial branches. The judicial system has two levels (first instance and appeal), with the possibility of extraordinary remedies (such as review by the Supreme Court). Administrative decisions can be subject to judicial review. The role of the Supreme Court, as the highest court, is to ensure uniform application of laws and equal justice for all. Judicial office is permanent. In principle, the courts’ decisions are binding only on the parties to the case and do not set a precedent. The duty of the People‘s Ombudsperson, as a commissioner of the Croatian Parliament, is to protect the constitutional and legal rights of citizens in their dealings with the state administration and bodies vested with public authority. Under the Anti-discrimination Act, it is recognised as the specialised body for the promotion of equal treatment.