KDI 한국개발연구원 - 경제정책정보 - 발간처별 목록 - 경제분야 국제기구 - UN - INDIAN OCEAN EARTHQUAKE – TSUNAMI 2005

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INDIAN OCEAN EARTHQUAKE – TSUNAMI 2005

UN 2005.01.11
페이스북
In the early hours of the morning of Sunday 26 December 2004 a massive earthquake measuring 9.0
on the Richter scale struck the west coast of northern Sumatra. The epicentre was some 30 kilometres
under the seabed and 250 kilometres south-southwest of Banda Aceh. The first quake was followed
by aftershocks ranging from 6 to 7.3, themselves large enough to destroy thousands of lives and
livelihoods. The quake triggered powerful tsunamis reaching ten metres in height, and these moved
through neighbouring parts of the Indian Ocean at over 500 kilometres an hour wrecking coastal areas
in India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Maldives, as well as in Myanmar, Seychelles, and
Somalia.
The tsunamis flooded coastal areas and wiped away homes and buildings, roads and bridges, water
and electricity supplies, crops, irrigation and fishery infrastructure, food and fuel networks. To date, an
estimated 139,000 people lost their lives and some 18,000 still are missing. In the affected areas
economic life has ground to a halt; businesses have collapsed. Millions of people have seen their
families and communities torn apart. The trauma caused by this devastating catastrophe cannot be
underestimated.

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