The Strains of Economic Growth : Labor Unrest and Social Dissatisfaction in Korea - KDI 한국개발연구원 - 연구 - 보고서
본문 바로가기

KDI 한국개발연구원

KDI 한국개발연구원


단행본 The Strains of Economic Growth : Labor Unrest and Social Dissatisfaction in Korea 1997.03.01

단행본 The Strains of Economic Growth : Labor Unrest and Social Dissatisfaction in Korea #임금·노동생산성·임금불평등 #노동 일반(기타)


  • KDI
    David L. Lindauer
  • KDI
  • KDI
  • KDI
  • KDI
    Ezra F. Vogel
  • KDI
Nearly twenty years ago the Korea Development
Institute(KDI) and the Harvard Institute for International
Development(HIID)began a joint research project that resulted in
the publication of ten book-length studies on the first three
decades of Korean economic development(1945-1975). The
positive reception afforded these volumes, combined with
significant new developments in the Korean economy, encouraged
the two institutes to think of a sequel. We decided to focus on a
number of studies that went in-depth into several features of
the post-1975 period.

Three themes were chosen that dealt with central features
of Korean development, which were either not present in the
pre-1975 period or were present in only muted form. The first
of these studies dealt with macroeconomic policy during the
1970s, when oil prices rose sharply, and with the aftermath of
these macro adjustments in the 1980s. The second study dealt
with Korea`s movement away from generalized support for
exports of manufactures to a policy if targeting specific
industries, the heavy and chemical industry drive of 1973-1979,
to a retreat from industrial targeting in the 1980s. This the third
and final study, deals with some of the strains of rapid
economic growth. Special attention is paid to labor relations and
the labor market in the 1980s, when Korea`s democratization led
to the end of government had to learn new ways of working

These three studies differ from the earlier ten-volume series
in another important respect. The earlier series dealt only
peripherally with the politics of the economic changes that were
analyzed. The three recent studies include political economy
issues as central themes. Technical economic analysis continues
to play an important role, but many chapters are devoted to how
and why key economic policy decisions were actually made, a
process that involved more than purely economic considerations.

This volume begins by recognizing that despite all its
spectacular economic achievements, Korean society was in a
state of crisis in the late 1980s. Nowhere was this more evident
than in the unrest surrounding labor relations. In the two
months of July and August 1987, Korean workers initiated more
strikes than had been recorded in the previous quarter of a
century. As the nation prepared for the summer Olympics of
1988, scenes of riot police battling Korean workers could be seen
on the nightly news around the world.

Despite low unemployment and rapidly increasing real
wages, Korea`s worker-the backbone of the nation`s export-led
growth-challenged the nation`s prevailing system of labor
relations and demanded a voice that long had been denied them.
Many factors contributed to their dissatisfaction and that of
many Korean households. There was widespread desire for
greater political freedoms and, in a society with an historical
intolerance for inequality, growing concentration in the
distribution of wealth met with board social disapproval and
deep resentment. Workers had additional grievances. Real wages
and employment had grown rapidly, but the conditions of
working life were slow to improve. Hours remained
extraordinarily long, industrial safety poor, and independent
representation, virtually nonexistent.

One of the conclusions of this study is that Korea did well
in relying on competitive forces to determine wages and
employment outcomes. But the historical suppression of labor
organizations limited improvements in the quality of working life
and contributed to the labor unrest that marred the performance
of the economy and strained the nation`s social fabric.

(※ 서문에서 발췌한 내용임)
Ⅰ. Introduction - David L. Lindauer

Ⅱ. The Evolution of Social Classes and Changing Social Attitudes - Hy-Sop Lim

Ⅲ. Labor Market Outcomes : An Overview - David L. Lindauer

Ⅳ. Relative Deprivation and the Distribution of Wages - Joung-Woo Lee and David L. Lindauer

Ⅴ. The Quality of Working Life - Joung-Woo Lee and David L. Lindauer

Ⅵ. Toward a Social Compact for South Korean Labor - Ezra F. Vogel and David L. Lindauer

Ⅶ. Rural-Urban Disparity and Government Policies for Rural Development - Jong-Gie Kim and Jae-Young Son

Ⅷ. Conclusion : The Strains of Economics Growth - David L. Lindauer

Ⅸ. Epilogue : Labor Outcomes in the 1990s - David L. Lindauer
관련 자료 ( 9 )
  • 주요 관련자료
  • 같은 주제자료

한국개발연구원의 본 저작물은 “공공누리 제3유형 : 출처표시 + 변경금지” 조건에 따라 이용할 수 있습니다. 저작권정책 참조

윤정애 전문연구원 044-550-4450
이 페이지에서 제공하는 정보에 대하여 만족하시나요?
보안문자 확인

무단등록 및 수집 방지를 위해 아래 보안문자를 입력해 주세요.

KDI 직원 정보 확인

담당자 정보를 확인해 주세요.


소중한 의견 감사드립니다.


잠시 후 다시 시도해주세요.

Join our Newsletter

매일 새로운 소식으로 준비된 KDI 뉴스레터와 함께
다양한 정보를 확인하세요.