The Korea Land Information System (KLIS) aims to provide information necessary for land policy establishment promptly and accurately. This system manages accurate information on land use zoning designated by land use regulations and provides it to government agencies, local governments, and people. KLIS manages and provides
specifically the land information database to prevent duplication of investment among agencies and to effectively manage the land by securing the compatibility of data sets.
Hence, KLIS is the very foundation of the “national geospatial data integration system” that combines environment, forest, cultural assets, and agricultural land information, playing a key role as an infrastructure for land-related administrative affairs and a civil service of local governments as well as land policy affairs of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
There were many difficulties during the construction process of KLIS. The first of these difficulties was to produce a serial cadastral map with single cadastral maps, because of different scales of cadastral map in the characteristics of land parcels. Secondly, there was a discrepancy in each different zoning map. Thirdly, the flawed legal system for data sharing in land policies and lastly, the central government experienced conflicts to initiate the KLIS incorporation. In spite of these challenges, the Korean government was able to establish the KLIS.
The KLIS performed better than anticipated and its effects were both tangible and intangible. Enhanced public services through the Internet have been welcomed by the public, and are helping to save time and costs.
The tangible effects of the KLIS are cost reductions and time savings. In local governments, it was expensive to produce land price maps every year for the land administration to be distributed by the central government. However, outsourcing costs to produce the land price map is no longer necessary, because the KLIS has taken over this task. As a result of implementing the KLIS, public officials were able to improve the efficiency of cadastral administration affairs and resulted in expense-savings of approximately 47.25 billion in 2008, 53.4 billion in 2009, and 50.33 billion won in 2010, which came to an average savings of 50 billion won. After 2009, the expense savings in using electronic documents at local governments after the KLIS was established was about 9 billion won per year. After analyzing the expense-savings effects of KLIS, the expense came to approximately 380 billion won while the benefits resulted in approximately 1 trillion 400 billion won. Thus, the expense to benefit ratio exceeded 3.0. The intangible effects of the KLIS were improvements to civil services from local governments, increased efficiencies of administrative duties, contributions to scientific land policies and lastly, the foundation of a future-oriented information society is established.
The KLIS brought improvments to local government civil services, by making it possible for citizens to request land-related civil documents to be issued at eup/myeon/dong offices or through public-accessible automated kiosks. All updated and accurate information regarding land including the current condition of land use zoning, restrictions, and publicly announced land prices was available, and the contents of civil documents are easier for users to understand since they contain detailed descriptions. Hence, this system helped individuals to plan land use in a more streamlined manner and thus contributed to the convenience of civil services.
Secondly, the KLIS improved administrative efficiencies by restructuring land-related systems and integrating everything into one comprehensive information system, saving time and manpower and therefore making overnmental operations more compact and efficient. In addition, the geospatial information system plans divided among local governments were implemented comprehensively and collectively in order to prevent duplicate investments
into the database and application system development. Thirdly, the KLIS contributes to scientific land policy decisions. The systematic land administration system among the central government, metropolitan cities, si/gun/gu, eup/
myeon/dong, is able to collect data promptly, accurately and comprehensively analyze the current conditions across the country. Therefore, land policies are produced in a prompt and streamlined manner with national lands developed and managed more efficiently.
Fourthly, the KLIS brought made it possible to establish the foundation of future-oriented information society. Information from the land management information system is shared nationwide for various tax-related administrations, land-use plans, and site selections. The KLIS cannot be applied to developing countries because the legal system and
executing bodies differ for each country, as are land-related administrative systems and service methods. Those in charge of land policies from developing countries may be impressed during briefings about Korea’s KLIS, but adopting the system in their own countries could be a challenge, as their legal structures are very different. It is necessary,
therefore, to adjust the architecture of the KLIS to the legal system and environment of each country.