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정책세미나

Summer Seminar on Population (Korea : A Case Study, 14-15th July 1977)

페이스북
커버이미지
  • 저자 한국개발연구원(韓國開發硏究院)
  • 발행일 1978/07/14
원문보기
요약 Nuptiality in Korea: Changing Age at Marriage and Fertility -
Mo-Im Kim

From the finding from various studied I could be said that a
major postponement in age at marriage has occurred largely
since 1945. The delayed marriages are perhaps transitional
response found in early periods of rapid economic and
demographic growth. This implies that the developing nations
like Korea will follow the course of the industrialized West in
passing through a phase of later marriage until marital fertility
control becomes accepted and widely practiced control of timing
and quantity of births permits earlier and more universal
marriage.

Although teenage marriage have almost disappeared, the
tendency is that the rise in age of marriage and in proportion
single in largely age groups seems to be leveling off. The great
majority of Korean women support traditional attitudes that one
must or should marry. Thus, age at marriage will not increase
continually and the celibate group will never be increased in the
foreseeable future, to the point that would slow down population
growth rate in Korea.

The traditional attitudes that parents should have the sole or
major role in mate selection is still held bay a bare majority: the
educated, urban, young and never married are more liberal
Education is the major determinant of age at marriage. However,
it can not be expected that age at marriage will increase as long
as educational status of women increase in Korea in the future,
because postponement of marriage in order to achieve higher
levels of education in order to pursue careers among women has
never been popular.

In fact, it is general atmosphere if Korea and of else where
that many women education as a means to the increase their
desirability in the matrimonial market. A rise in age of marriage
in Korea has been a major factor in the decrease in fertility in
the last two decades among all socio-economic, demographic and
modernity variables. However, Family planning practice is the
second strong determinant in the age group of 30-39 and 40-49
but family planning practice is the first strong determinant in
the age group of 20-29.

According to Kim's findings family planning practice will
play a more important role future Korean society. All of these
findings and conclusions point out an urgent need of a study to
ascertain empirically what variables have caused the retardation
in rise in age at marriage and in proportion single in early age
group so that we should be able to at least suggest some policy
instrument that may cause the age at marriage to rise again.

Population Education in Korea - Kuk Bom Shin

The basic population statistics in Korea are generated from
the population censuses, the year-end population counts, the vital
registration system, and the resident registration system, and
also from Continuing Demographic Survey and Labor Force
Sample Surveys conducted quarterly. The census constitutes the
most important source of population statistics for the national,
regional, and provincial levels and for the smallest unit of the
national administration. Demographic statistics from the census
are subject to different kinds of error. The most important error
in the census of Korea seems to be the under enumeration
(omissions and duplications). To enhance quality of census data,
more efforts should be given to improve the base maps,
selection and training of enumerators, publicity program, and also
the enumeration works in the metropolitan slum areas.

Vital statistics are the most lagging area in the demographic
statistics systems in Korea. The completeness of the registration
and sample survey are 60 percent and 90-95 percent
respectively. In recent years the government has made a serious
efforts to improve vital statistics, and as a consequence, there
has been appreciable improvement in this area. The NBOS is
now undertaking a project to improve vital statistics.

It is specially noteworthy that the current sample survey
system for which 280 local resident interviewers are employed
should be further expanded to collect valuable statistics on other
health, social and economic statistics. The resident registration
system has the potential to generate accurate small area
statistics on internal migration, if a serious effort is made to
improve the system. The government should also made effort to
develop a well coordinated statistical system that would generate
useful and reliable international migration statistics utilizing
current immigration and exit cards.
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