The purely developmental case for an children-orientation in
the next Five-Year Plan is overwhelming.
1) To enable all children to develop their full mental and
physical potential from nutritional and nutrition-related
health handicaps in early childhood is a precondition for
the human resource level required for an industrial
country - a status which Korea is likely to achieve or
be close to at the end of the Five-Year Plan.
2) To give more equal and more public-financed access to
opportunities for higher education is essential for the
upgrading of the human resource level which will be
required in the process of transition to an industrial
3) To lay the foundations for the greatly increased supply of
scientists, technicians and professionals which are
required for the creation of national technological capacity,
and for flexibility in resource allocation - both essential
for survival as a high-income society in an changing
But added to the development case, it is argued that there
is also a political case for such an children-oriented strategy
1) Upward social mobility is an important element in
maintaining a stable society and national consensus.
2) The legitimate desire of parents for a better and equal
chance for their children is a powerful incentive to higher
productivity and application to jobs.
3) The children-oriented development can help to maintain,
or restore, the equitable income distribution for which the
"Korean Model" is known throughout the world.