본문

KDI연구

KDI연구원들이 각 분야의 전문보고서를 제공합니다.

노동

Working Paper

Factors Affecting Induced Abortion Behavior among Married Women in Korea : Based on 1974 WFS Data

페이스북
커버이미지
  • 저자 김선웅(金善雄)
  • 발행일 1980/08/01
  • 시리즈 번호 8006
원문보기
요약 In Korea, as in many other countries, induced abortion has
been proscribed morally, legally, and very generally in religious
and social norms as well. Despite such proscription, however, the
incident of induced abortion had increased steadily even before
its conditional legalization in 1973. Moreover, abortion has been
widely practiced in recent years. Induced abortion has become
one of the most important factors in the sharp decline in Korean
fertility rates.

The main objective of this study was to analyze the causal
factors influencing induced abortion from a social behavioral
perspective. This is because the practice of induced abortion is
considered as a special type of social behavior constrained by
various sanctions and psychological factors. A hypothesized
casual structure of abortion behavior was modeled to improve
the understanding of the factors affecting induced abortion. It
was intended in the model, However that the hypothesized
relationships between the factors determining induced abortion
should be indicative rather than definitive.

According to the causal analysis, the hypothesized
relationships among the variables were found to be meaningfully
indicative though the strengths of the relationships were, in
general, not very great. In brief, induced abortion is casually
affected by many factors : directly and indirectly by personal
attributes through intermediate variables such as values
regarding family size, by the extent of social contracts, and also
by familial characteristics including family structure and familial
pressure on birth aspirations.

Unlike many other countries with strong religious attitudes
toward abortion, as in Roman Catholic countries, religion does
not appear to be a significant factor affecting abortion behavior
in Korea. On the whole, Korean women make no string
normative distinction between contraception and induced abortion
when used for birth limitation. Even though it seems true in
Korea that the majority of married women having experienced
induced abortion either feel psychologically guilty of socially
ashamed, they are likely to get abortions again in the event of
unplanned or unwanted pregnancies.

From the observations based on the analysis of the data,
even with its various limitations, the following policy
recommendations are suggested : First, considering the recent
trend of abortion incidence and the growing number of women
of reproductive age due to the post Korean War baby boom,
abortion should be safely utilized in conjunction with effective
contraception as a back-up for contraceptive failure. Second,
abortion should be available to poor and non-poor women alike.
To insure this, provision of service should be supported in the
same way the government subsidizes other health services.

Third, abortion should be fully liberalized, available at the
request of the pregnant woman if she feels that she is unable at
that time to physically, emotionally, or economically face the
birth of a child. Liberalization of abortion may not affect the
demand for abortion very much but this may serve to reduce
some of the psychological strain on the aborters and on those
providing abortions as well.
같은 주제 자료 이 내용과 같은 주제를 다루고 있는 자료입니다.

※문의사항 미디어운영팀 윤정애 전문연구원 044-550-4450 yoon0511@kdi.re.kr

가입하신 이동통신사의 요금제에 따라
데이터 요금이 과다하게 부가될 수 있습니다.

파일을 다운로드하시겠습니까?
KDI 연구 카테고리
상세검색