Among the East Asian countries, notably Japan, Taiwan and
Korea, which have undergone rapid industrialization, Korea
shows less incidence of off-farm activities among rural
households and the income share form off-farm employment is
lower compared to the two other countries. Since the scale and
type of agricultural operation among these countries are quite
similar, the uniqueness in the Korean case with regard to her
low off-farm activities in the rural areas is of interest in
assessing the scope of off-farm employment in Rural Asia.
In this paper, three topics will be investigated:
1) Past changes and current status of off-farm employment
and the income share form off-farm activities;
2) Outline and evaluation of past policy measures to increase
off-farm activities in rural areas; and
3) Future policy directions that are to e pursued to further
promote off-farm employment in Korea.
Particular attention is given to indentifying the critical
bottlenecks that impede expansion of off-farm employment in
rural Korea with specific comparisons with the environments
observed in Japan and Taiwan.